The mandar baar is very similar to the esraj in construction but the finger-board and the body are bigger in size, being about four feet long. Thick strings of gut are used which give a deep, rich tone somewhat like that of the Western violin cello.

To play the instrument the performer sits on a low stool. The instrument is placed in front of him on the floor, the top of the instrument leaning against his left shoulder. The mandar bahar is a rare instru¬ment found mostly in Bengal. It is now being used in the modern Indian orches¬tra for producing bass notes in the lower octaves.

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NAD-SADHNA INSTITUTE FOR INDIAN MUSIC AND RESEARCH CENTRE is a place where researchers in music education, professionals in related fields, as well as undergraduate, post graduate and PhD scholars, students and enthusiasts, can get together in a virtual exchange of information and knowledge in the field of Music Education and Musical Performance. Besides, our purpose is to work in areas as diverse as academic research, music and sound production, exhibition services, and the delivery of cinematic, music, and arts events. Nad Sadhna was founded in 2010 and is based in Jaipur, the city better described as the cultural capital of the Country. Having dedicated study facilities, extensive holdings of published and unpublished materials (books, journal and newspaper articles, scores and recordings), collections of recorded music and an audio visual laboratory.